It is recommended by many experts that proteins should provide 12% to 20% of daily calories. It helps to have strong muscles and bones. However, it is more complicated for people with diabetes.

It is suggested that a high-protein diet lowers post-meal blood sugar more effectively than standard ones, especially for type 2 diabetics. On the other hand, restriction may be important for insulin-dependent patients with kidney disease. It is indicated that even moderate restriction may help slow the progression of nephropathy.

One gram of it contains four calories. It can be part of a bedtime snack to maintain normal blood sugar level during the night. It is mixed over whether it can protect against nighttime hypoglycemia. If it can, 14 grams may be needed to stabilize blood glucose level.


One of the best sources is fish. It is suggested that eating fish twice a week may improve triglyceride and help lower the risks for death from heart disease, dangerous heart rhythms, blood pressure, a tendency for blood clots, and the risk for stroke. Most evidences show that eating fish two or three times a week is highly positive for most people.


Soy is rich in both soluble and insoluble fiber, omega-3 fatty acids, and provides all essential proteins. People consumed 25 grams of soy protein shown an improvement on cholesterols. Soy may also reduce other heart risk factors, including blood pressure

There was a study showing that soy was associated with better control of blood sugar and lower LDL levels in postmenopausal women with type 2 diabetes.

The best sources are soy products (tofu, soy milk).

Meat and Poultry

The fat content of meat varies depending on the type and cut. It is best to eat skinless chicken or turkey. However, the leanest cuts of pork (loin and tenderloin), veal, and beef are nearly comparable to chicken in calories and fat and their effect on LDL and HDL levels. It should be noted, however, that even chicken and lean meat do not improve cholesterol levels, and, in terms of cardiac health, fish is a more desirable choice.

Dairy Products

A study reported a lower incidence of factors related to type 2 diabetes and heart disease with a high intake of dairy products, including those with a high-fat content. It is suggested the calcium in dairy products may be partially responsible for these benefits.

Protein & Diabetes

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