Diabetes is becoming increasingly common.
American Diabetes Association (More information about diabetes)
claims that there are 20.8 million people in the United States, or 7% of the population, who have diabetes. Unfortunately, about 6.2 million or one third of the people are unaware that they have the disease.
What is Diabetes?
The pancreas manufactures and releases a hormone call insulin. Insulin is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy we need in our daily life. Diabetes is a disease in which the pancreas cannot produce insulin properly.
Types of Diabetes
Under the classification of
American Diabetes Association
, there are 4 major types of diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes
Also know as juvenile diabetes. It is usually diagnosed in children stage. People with type 1 diabetes cannot produce insulin, which is needed to convert sugar, starch or food into energy.
Type 2 Diabetes
It is the most common type of diabetes. People with type 2 diabetes cannot produce enough insulin or cannot use insulin properly.
Gestational diabetes happens when pregnant women have high blood sugar during pregnancy, but have never had diabetes before. 5% to 10% of women who have gestation diabetes are found to have type 2 diabetes right after pregnancy.
Pre-diabetes is a condition under which a person’s blood sugar is higher than normal, but is not high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. All type 2 diabetics have a pre-diabetes before the decease is developed.